Blog post: Google’s Google glasses. Are they the future for the medical curriculum?

What he sees, we see.
What he sees, we see.

In countries such as the UK and France, surgeons have started to use technology in their operation procedures called Google glass technology.

It is simply glasses which allow medical surgeons to broadcast their operations live .This image broadcasted allows the viewer to look at how a medical procedure is being done but in the eyes of the surgeon, talk about being in somebody’s shoes!

The people to whom the events are broadcast are not people like you and I, the filming is not broadcasted to the whole nation like in television series. Instead, it is broadcasted to a select group of people; medical students by laptop, phone and computer devices. This would allow students to see procedures first hand and even ask questions, if they would like, on these procedures without the risk of being a distraction to the surgeon and thus a danger in the operation.

This new technology that has been mentioned in the headlines can also allow surgeons to seek the advice of other surgeons on the procedures being done and because what the surgeon sees the other broadcasters see, it’s easier to do so.

But obviously, as good as this new technology seems to many medical students and medical professionals alike, it’s important that informed consent is asked. The patient must be asked and given permission before us.

Also, there are still problems regarding the technology itself that needs to be tweaked. Although footage of surgical procedures can be loaded, the technology can crash if the procedure being filmed is quite long. If this crashing would continue, medical professionals would not be able to fully make decisions and discuss about longer operations. Or even worse, they may stop an important procedure just to put on a new pair of the glasses!

The infamous Google glasses...
The infamous Google glasses…

What do you think about Google glasses?

To make an informed decision, read the articles below :

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-2623372/Google-Glass-enters-operating-theatre-Surgeon-UK-use-smart-specs-operation.html

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/health/healthnews/10851116/First-operation-streamed-live-with-surgeon-wearing-Google-glass.html

http://www.googleglasssurgeon.com/surgery

http://www.qmul.ac.uk/media/news/items/smd/141923.html

Medical professionals using the new Google glass technology.
Medical professionals using the new Google glass technology.

 

 

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Is day care stressing you child out? Psychology explains this.

Children in daycare.
Children in daycare

Day care is simply care for children under school age.This includes going to the childminders or to a nursery during the day. There are different types of day care; nursery based day care and family based day care.

Nursery based care,you may have already guessed, is care for children in a nursery where activities are planned out for them in quite an orderly way.Family based care is care for children in a family setting or environment.Examples of this are childminders where children are looked after in the homes of the childminders who may also have children around for other children to play with.Nannies (au pairs) are paid employees who work for the caregivers (parents) to look after children in the parents own homes. Simply handing over your children to relatives and close neighbours to look after for a period of time also constitutes as family based care because they are in a family- based environment.

As nice as day care seems,with children playing around and the image of them having fun and enjoying life as children, free from any worries, psychological studies show that children placed in day care can be stressed. Steele (2001) shows that children who have participated in Ainsworths Strange situation study had increased levels of the stress hormone cortisol in their blood even up to half an hour after the attachment figure comes back to the child and Watamura et al (2006) also found that , when comparing the levels of cortisol throughout the day of children in day care compared with children who had stayed at home during the week, the levels of cortisol (the stress hormone) rises from the morning throughout the day for children in day care while for those who do not attend day care during the week do not experience this rise in the level of cortisol.This may be due to the separation of the child from their caregiver, being with strangers and in an unfamiliar environment.

This revelation led to Goldshmied and Jackson suggesting a key worker approach in order to make going to day care a better experience for the children by simply providing an adult who will act as an attachment figure and a main adult for the child in day care in times of stress such as when the parents leave the child at day care in the morning and soon to the parents pick up time. As well as this, the key worker attend to the needs of the child during their time at day care.

Psychology PDD: Protest , Despair Detachment.

Psychology AS blog.

PDD is simply an acronym faced in psychology AS when talking about effects of separation from an attachment figure such as a caregiver like your mum and dad, at a young age after you have formed a deep attachment to them.

You may have come across times where you have been separated for a long time from your caregiver and when young you may have been through these stages of separation called PDD:

1. Protest- When the caregiver leaves, the child may protest, crying and screaming,protesting angrily, clinging to the attachment figure and try to struggle to escape from those who pick the child up and try to stop the child from reaching the caregiver .

2. Despair-> the child stops protesting after a while and although the child seems calm, the child is upset and refuses peoples attempts of comfort.

3. if the separation between the attachment figure and the child continues , the baby may start to play again with others but may also be wary. The child, upon the arrival of the caregiver who has gone, may also reject the caregiver and act angrily towards this attachment figure.

if separation is long term, the child  may suffer from separation anxiety.This is when children alternate between  extreme clinginess and detachment.

Extreme clinginess: The child may show clinginess when parent attempts to leave them , especially when anticipating separation e.g. when babysitter comes  and even in situations such a day care where the baby would have not acted like this before.

Detachment- the baby may also show detachment behaviours towards the attachment figures.This includes rejecting hugs and cuddles from the attachment figure.This may be a mechanism to avoid future hurt.

Either way, separation anxiety alternates between clinginess and detachment and can mean that the attachment figures(parents/carers) find the child  unpredictable and it can be hard for parents to predict the behaviour of their child.

Along with the separation anxiety, children demand more of their caregiver than usual.

As bad a reaction this is for a child, some children react in different degrees to separation .Some are used to being separated from the caregiver as they are in daycare and in the hands of childminders so will react less strongly than a person who is not frequently separated from the attachment figure , male children react more strongly to short term separation than girls also.If a child is put in the care of an attachment figure such as a grandparent, the effects of separation would be minimised . A child who is securely attached would also react less strongly than children with type  A (insecure avoidant) and type C (insecure-ambivalent), Barrett (1997) suggested that this is because children with secure attachment expect their parents to come back .